Written By Adam Hensley on September 23, 2022
Online gambling site Stake.com is banned from Twitch streaming platform

While the future of online gambling in Oregon isn’t certain, streaming service Twitch made one thing crystal clear: You can’t stream gambling on sites like Stake.com.

Controversial Stake.com found its name on Twitch’s ban list on Tuesday, when the company released a statement putting its foot down when it comes to streaming online gambling.

That list could change. If needed, the Amazon-owned company said the list may grow going forward.

Twitch allows streaming for websites that focus on sports betting, poker, and fantasy sports, though.

Twitch’s casino section boomed as of late. Viewers streamed players exchanging money for cryptocurrency, which was then bet on casino-style games and more.

Some major online influencer names like hip-hop artist Drake and streamers Adin Ross and Tyler “Trainwrecks” Niknam all have sponsorships from Stake.com. They would stream their gambling through Twitch.

Is Stake.com or any online gambling legal in Oregon?

Right now, real money online casinos are not legal in Oregon.

The only ways customers can legally gamble online is through the DraftKings Sportsbook, horseracing sites like TVG and TwinSpires, and sweepstakes and social casino sites like Chumba, LuckyLand Slots, and Funzpoints.

That could change down the road, though. Should sports betting boom in its fourth year, legislators may change their minds. But nothing is in place currently that would suggest a quick change in the law.

Stake.com is currently illegal in Oregon. You can’t play legally anywhere in the United States.

“Due to our gambling license, we cannot accept customers from the United States,” Stake.com says. “However you are welcome to signup for our social casino Stake.us.”

Stake.us is a social casino that offers a free gaming experience, according to its site.

Customers in the United States can access Stake.com by using virtual private networks (VPN) that would not signal them as using an online casino in America.

Twitch streamers planned a boycott if gambling wasn’t banned

Twitch came under fire for allowing casino gambling streams recently when big-name streamers threatened to strike if change didn’t happen. Streamer Sliker (Abraham Mohanned) admitted to scamming fans out of more than $200,000 to fund his gambling addiction.

Some of the streaming industry’s biggest names like Pokimane (Imane Anys), Mizkf (Matthew Rinaudo), and Devin Nash planned to boycott Twitch around the time of Christmas in response.

“We did it y’all,” Pokimane tweeted on Wednesday. “public pressure, tweets, raising awareness, it all matters.”

The streamer tweeted “like if twitch should ban gambling” at 12:22 pm CT on Sept. 18. As of Thursday, that tweet has more than 318,000 likes.

Full policy language on Twitch’s gambling policy will come out in October.

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Adam Hensley is a journalist from Des Moines, Iowa, who currently works for the USA Today Network. His byline has appeared in the Associated Press, Sports Illustrated and sites within the USA Today Network. Hensley graduated from the University of Iowa in 2019 and spent his college career working for the Daily Iowan’s sports department, both as an editor and reporter.

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Written By Marian Rosin on September 7, 2022
Oregon Lottery pays out on eaten ticket

It’s nice to know it’s not always a dog-eat-dog world. Sometimes it’s a dogs-eat-lottery-ticket world —with a tail-wagging (well, $8) ending.

Read on for a tale of what happens when two dogs eat an Oregon lottery ticket…

Doggie dateline: the bones of the story

It was a night much like any other no-lottery-ticket-involved night. Salem residents Nathan and Rachael Lamet went to bed, unintentionally leaving a $3 ticket for the Pharaoh’s Gold Crossword game on an ottoman.

That’s when 11-month-old Apple and 2-year-old Jax, the couple’s two Alaskan Klee Kais (smaller dogs that resemble Huskies) got into some mischief. The dogs decided the ticket was delicious, Rachael said.

Surprisingly, the pups didn’t eat the whole ticket but left some of it in tiny shredded pieces on the floor. The Lamets discovered the lottery ticket remains the next morning. Nathan found it hilarious and thought, “someone might get a good laugh at the least,” Rachael said. “He said for sure it’s a winner.”

So the Lamets sent a letter and the pieces of the torn-apart ticket to the Oregon State Lottery. They included a photo of the dogs, though it wasn’t quite a police “mutt shot,” if you will; the Lamets wanted the Lottery folk to see how cute the “vandals” were.

The letter read, in part:

“To whom it may concern: We have two Alaskan Klee Kai puppys (sic) that we dearly love. Unfortunately, they decided that they like the taste of your lottery tickets. So we write to you in regards to see if there is by some chance you may be able to see if they ate the winning ticket.”

Officials there approached the situation like a puzzle, doggedly attempting to piece the ticket back together.

And despite the Lamets thinking the ticket unsalvageable, they succeeded and it turned out the ticket was an $8 winner. The Lottery sent the Lamets a check for that amount.

And after everything was settled, the Oregon State Lottery advised the public in a press release to “above all, make sure the ticket is out of reach of any furry friends!”

Kooky canine connoisseurs

No dog has ever barked, “Do I look fat in this?” As everyone knows, dogs will eat pretty much anything — and everything. Shoes are just an amuse-bouche to Beagles and Great Danes.

When I was a teenager, my vacuum cleaner of a Cocker Spaniel ate my driver’s manual, a pin cushion, and an ink cartridge, all in one nosh. He remained fine.

When visiting some out-of-state friends years later, their lively Wire-haired Fox Terrier, Penny, got into my bag while we were out to dinner and ate my newly acquired bite guard plus my toothbrush.

Here are some wacky things dogs have eaten, by way of BarkHappy.com and IHeartDogs.com:

  • A bag of cement
  • Books
  • Chapstick
  • A Bible
  • A couch
  • Three cell phones
  • A diamond ring
  • Box of crayons
  • A computer mouse

The dogs in question were okay, although some required (expensive) vet care.

“A dog is the only thing on earth that loves you more than he loves himself.”
― Josh Billings

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Marian Rosin is a freelance writer who has been published in Upnest and Psychology Today. Rosin brings experience in the gambling sector as the senior copywriter for Isle of Capri casinos.

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Written By Veronica Sparks on August 31, 2022
Umatilla County Man Facing Federal Charges After Robbing Oregon Casino

Javier Francisco Vigil, a 51-year-old man from Umatilla County, Oregon, faces federal charges after attempting to rob an Oregon casino on Aug. 17, 2022.

The Wildhorse Casino is located on Umatilla Indian Reservation land in Pendleton. The casino is a popular regional getaway destination since it’s located only about an hour from the Tri-Cities.

Charges Vigil is facing include:

  • Committing a Hobbs Act robbery
  • Using and carrying a firearm during and about a crime of violence

A Hobbs Act robbery takes the property of another person unlawfully, “by means of actual or threatened force.” It’s a federal crime since federal courts can prosecute any act that uses a gun in a crime of violence.

Vigil robbed Wildhorse Resort and Casino in broad daylight

Court documents have revealed the details of what happened during the incident in the Pendleton casino earlier this month.

Vigil allegedly entered the Wildhorse Casino in the early afternoon and made a beeline to the gaming area’s cashier cage. He handed a note to the cashier with his demand for $1 million.

Some reports say that the clerk laughed at Vigil, which caused him to draw a pistol he had holstered, but those reports are unconfirmed.

Confirmed reports, however, verify that Vigil did draw a pistol and pointed it at the cashier. He also stated a threat that he would “bathe everyone in blood” if his demands were not met.

The cashier clerk gave him almost $70,000 before Vigil left the casino.

A tribal police officer had responded to a call regarding the incident and was outside of the casino when Vigil exited. Vigil aimed his pistol at the officer and discharged “at least one round.”

The suspect says he shot the officer’s car intentionally. He wanted to escape but also wanted to avoid hurting the officer.

Gunfire was exchanged, however, and Vigil was injured during the shooting. He was transported to a local hospital by officers.

The suspect appeared in federal court for the first time on Aug. 19 before US Magistrate Judge Jolie A. Russo. The judge ordered that Vigil be detained until additional court proceedings occur.

Cassady Adams, Assistant US Attorney in the District of Oregon, is prosecuting Vigil’s case.

The FBI is further investigating the Oregon casino robbery

The FBI’s special agent in charge of the investigation was actually on Umatilla tribal land when the initial call came in. The agent was with a detective of the Umatilla Tribal Police Department.

A responding officer had called in that shots were fired at the casino, and the special agent responded with others.

Being one of the first law enforcement officers on the scene, the agent made an affidavit that describes the scene when they arrived. The suspect was lying down, incapacitated by a gunshot wound, with a clear bag of cash and a pistol next to him.

The FBI will handle the further investigation of this case. And the Hermiston Police Department as well as the Umatilla Tribal Police will assist.

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Written By Veronica Sparks on August 25, 2022Last Updated on August 31, 2022
Oregon gaming revenue hits another record in Q2 of 2022

The US gambling industry got some serious validation with the American Gaming Association’s (AGA’s) Quarter Two Gaming Revenue report that was released this month.

The country’s overall gambling revenue saw a jump of almost 9% year-over-year. Gambling in Oregon was listed among nine states that set all-time single-quarter records in the second quarter of 2022.

Oregon gaming revenue surpasses 2021 so far this year

AGA reported that Oregon’s gambling revenue overall for quarter two of 2022 was a whopping $11.4 million.

This number easily surpassed the $7.9 million in revenue reported for 2021’s second quarter with a 44% increase year-over-year.

2022’s gaming revenue in Oregon for the first half of the year also blew 2021 out of the water with a year-over-year comparison.

2021’s first half saw Oregon’s gaming revenue reach $15.9 million. 2022’s first half reached $20.8 million, which is roughly a 31% increase year-over-year for quarter one and quarter two combined.

Nationwide gaming revenue continues to break records

US overall gambling revenue during the second quarter of last year was more than $13.6 billion.

This number blew away the 2020 quarter two revenue numbers by roughly 500% and 2019’s by 26.3% in a more valid comparison.

2021’s second quarter also blew away the previously held single-quarter revenue record by about 22.5%. This crown was formerly held by quarter three in 2019.

Bill Miller, AGA’s President, and CEO says the country’s rising food and gas prices and labor shortages are still a concern for the country’s gambling market.

2022’s second quarter totaled more than $14.81 billion

AGA reports that the combined US gambling revenue for the second quarter of 2022 totaled more than $14.81 billion, which is:

  • An 8% increase year-over-year
  • A 3% increase over the previously held record in Q4 of 2021

At halfway through 2022, $29.16 billion in gambling revenue has been generated so far, putting the US almost 18% ahead of 2021 at the same time. Bill Miller commented:

“While on pace to set an annual revenue record. We are cognizant of the continued impacts of inflation and labor challenges as well as marketplace concerns of a potential recession.”

How are Americans gambling in 2022?

The vast majority of US gambling revenue still comes from casino gambling like slots and table games.

However, sports betting and iGaming combined contributed roughly 18% of the American gambling revenue generated so far in 2022.

Of the total $29.16 billion in gaming revenue reported in the first half of 2022:

  • Table games and slot machines accounted for $23.67, or 81.2% of total revenue.
  • Sports betting accounted for $3.04 billion, or 10.4% of total revenue.
  • iGaming accounted for $2.42 billion, or 8.3% of total revenue.

Of the total gaming revenue generated in the second quarter of 2022:

  • Table games and slot machines accounted for $12.17 billion, or 82.2% of total revenue.
  • Sports betting accounted for $1.42 billion, or 9.6% of total revenue.
  • iGaming accounted for $1.21 billion, or 8.2% of total revenue.

Table games and slot machines

Though slot machine revenue for the first half of 2022 only increased 0.2% over 2021, table games saw a massive increase of 18.2%.

This indicates that COVID restrictions more intensely damaged table games revenue during the first half of 2021 than it did slot revenue.

Sports betting

2022 has seen an increase in consumers in sports betting demand. Six new state sports betting markets were also launched in the last year.

Given these increases in both supply and demand, sports betting in America saw a 63.9% increase, year-over-year.


There is currently a total of six iGaming markets that are operational in the U.S. The combined revenue for these markets in the second quarter of 2022 showed only a marginal increase year-over-year.

iGaming revenue for the first half of 2022, however, jumped 43.5% year-over-year. The addition of one iGaming market contributed to the jump.

How does tribal gaming compare to commercial gaming?

The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC) announced earlier in August that their Fiscal Year 2021 was the highest grossing year in history, earning $39 billion in revenue.

That number for 2021 jumps 40% above 2020’s revenue and 13% above 2019. Regarding the NIGC’s announcement Miller said:

“Tribal gaming demonstrated its responsible leadership throughout the pandemic and these record results reflect that commitment. The full recovery and ongoing success of tribal casinos go well beyond the casino floor to support vibrant communities across the country.”

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Written By Veronica Sparks on August 18, 2022Last Updated on August 23, 2022
Three Rivers Casino in Oregon gives back to community

Three Rivers Casino in Oregon is creating a positive image for itself. The two Oregon casinos consistently strive to improve the quality of life for their employees as well as the community. Here’s how.

Three different Indian tribes own the two casino locations in Oregon:

  • Confederated Tribes of the Coos
  • Lower Umpqua
  • Siuslaw Indians

Three Rivers Casino in Florence raises wages before Oregon

Oregon’s minimum wage got a statewide bump on Jul. 1 of this year. Depending on the county, the new minimum wage ranges from $12.50 per hour to $14.75 per hour.

Three Rivers Casino Resort in Florence sits in Lane County, which now has a minimum wage of $13.50 per hour.

In May, however, two months before the minimum wage hike, the Florence casino increased its starting wage to $14 per hour. That’s $0.50 above the new minimum for the county.

In addition to the pay hike for cost-of-living, the Oregon casino also created opportunities for wage increases based on merit. These opportunities are even available to employees who get paid tips.

Casino managers are aware of cost of living increases on Oregon coast

Staff at the casino was concerned about the increasing costs associated with food, gas, and housing in Oregon’s coastal towns.

Human Resources Manager at Three Rivers Casino, Shelby Erickson, said there was one big reason for the increase in employees’ pay. Managers at the casino want staff to be able to live nearby the casino in the coastal area.

Erickson explained:

“We are one of the bigger employers here in Florence. That being said, we want to stand out as well by giving back to our community, making sure people are paid accordingly, an affordable wage, able to afford to live their lives here on the coast.”

Three Rivers Casino Foundation is known for charitable giving

The two Three Rivers Casinos in Oregon strive to contribute to their communities beyond paying fair wages. One notable way is the tribe’s local charitable giving.

Back in March, the Three Rivers Casino Foundation, which is the charitable entity of Three Rivers Casino Resort, awarded $1.4 million in grants to Oregon non-profits.

This distribution of charitable donations is the highest amount that the foundation has given out since 2012 when it first began issuing grants. With this year’s contribution, the foundation has given $2.7 million in grants overall.

Grants were given to 100 non-profit organizations, all within five counties in the state of Oregon. Half of those organizations were in Lane County. The five counties are:

  • Lane County: 50 organizations
  • Coos County: 28 organizations
  • Douglas County: 10 organizations
  • Curry County: 7 organizations
  • Lincoln County: 5 organizations

Dale Edwards, CEO of Food Backpacks for Kids is one of the non-profit grant recipients. He said: “It is the remarkable generosity of people and businesses like Three Rivers that allow us to make this program sustainable.”

Some of the most notable non-profit recipients of this year’s grants in Lane County include:

  • $10,000 to Food Backpacks for Kids in Florence
  • $22,000 to Creswell Clubhouse
  • $25,000 to CASA
  • $25,000 to the Boys and Girls Clubs of Emerald Valley in Eugene
  • $30,000 to Veterans Legacy
  • $75,000 to Eugene’s Pearl Buck Center

Doug Barrett, Three Rivers Foundation’s Board Chair, says the foundation is simply happy to help the community. He said: “It gives us satisfaction knowing that we’re giving to all these entities that are helping people.”

Coos Bay Three Rivers

The Three Rivers Casino in Coos Bay has made a big splash on the gambling scene since opening in 2015.

15,000 square feet of casino gaming includes more than 250 games as well as the most modern gaming machines. A full-service bar and restaurant, Café 1297, is available for guests to refuel after hours of play.

Daily promos give guests endless chances to win, and big winners are celebrated with flare and excitement.

Casino Resort in Florence offers a unique getaway

As a resort casino, the Three Rivers location in Florence offers more than just the standard gaming experience. The property sits on beautiful land with gorgeous scenery that allows for a relaxing getaway.

The resort’s golf course, Ocean Dunes Golf Links, has 18 holes and a unique layout that creates a challenging game.

There are three dining options on-site for guests to enjoy. Along with periodic events like golf tournaments, comedy shows, country music jams, and even holiday brunches.

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Written By Matt Boecker on August 23, 2022
The Oregon Lottery is a regressive tax on the state's poor

The Oregon Lottery celebrated a milestone according to a July 2022 report. The report showed that the lottery made a net profit of $968 million in 2021. Its highest mark since the organization started in 1984.

It’s also 33% higher than 2019’s profit, which is the second-largest year in lottery history.

Oregon Lottery spokesman Chuck Baumann said this about the milestone year:

“It’s what the mission of the lottery is, to earn a maximum profit for the state, but commensurate with the public good.”

But it’s important to consider the notion that lottery games are more widely available to Oregon gamblers in low-income areas.

Where is the Oregon Lottery the most profitable?

Multnomah County, located in eastern Oregon, accounted for three of the 10 most profitable lottery retailers in Beaver State.

A Howard Center for Investigative Journalism study revealed there are 17 lottery retailers in an area of Multnomah in which the median household income is $17,704. The county’s overall median household income is $72,425.

The top earner was the Tik Tok Restaurant and Bar. The bar is in an area where the average income is less than half compared to the county average.

The second-highest earner is Darcy’s in Wood Village, which is also in a low-income area.

Rounding out the top three is Dotty’s #24 on Hayden Island. Here, the average income is higher but tourism from Washington is high. And Oregon’s neighbors to the north prohibit video lottery games.

Studies continuously support lottery profits booming in low-income areas

Congress enacted the National Gambling Impact Study in 1996, and the group predicted the high levels of lottery gaming in poor areas.

Kitty Martz, executive director of Voices of Problem Gambling Recovery, had this to about the issues:

“We’ve always known that lotteries disproportionately impact marginalized individuals, BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and people of color) individuals, older adults, and veterans.”

Martz also mentioned that many of the people in the groups she highlighted are recipients of government spending. Victims of problem gambling often find themselves utilizing the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). As well as Oregon’s Health Plan benefits.

“It’s an absolute redistribution of money from people who are marginalized to support these bonds to support the more privileged people of Oregon. It’s a regressive tax on the poor.”

But Baumann said the reason lottery gaming is more accessible in low-income areas is due to cheaper real estate expenses for retail shop owners. Not because the Oregon Lottery targets specific communities. He said:

“It’s going to be more expensive to have a storefront in downtown Portland than it is in downtown Gresham or the outer reaches of Portland itself.”

Oregon state relies heavily on lottery taxes

Oregon’s only source of income that’s bigger than lottery gaming is income taxes.

The state utilizes lottery income to fund:

  • Public schools
  • Outdoor School
  • Veteran Services
  • State park renovations

The Lottery also distributes funds to legislators so they can make improvements in the community.

Rep. Marty Wilde said the state’s high dependence on the lottery dollars could have a negative impact if any protective reform is implemented. As that would limit the improvement projects legislators could implement in their communities.

Wilde commented:

“Not only would we not have all those budget sweeteners in terms of lottery bond projects, but we’d probably have to subsidize the existing bonds from funds of some kind. So it really prevents us from making thoughtful decisions.”

Wilde is an advocate of calling for a moratorium on lottery bonds until a thorough investigation can be done on the impact gambling has on marginalized people. He also noted the most addicting games are also the most profitable and the games should be examined.

Wilde continued:

“I’m not anti-gambling, but I think we should have games that are more protected and don’t let people get in over their head before they realize it.”

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Written By Veronica Sparks on July 8, 2022
Legal Wagering App For Horse Racing Rushes West

Making the West its newest venture, Caesars Racebook is now live in both Oregon and Montana for residents in those states to place horse racing bets. The launch marks the fourth and fifth states to offer the horse race betting app.

The betting platform going live in the two western states follows the June launches in Ohio, Florida, and Indiana. Caesars’ partnership with NYRA Bets provided the technology for the Caesars Racebook app.

“The launch of Caesars Racebook is an important milestone,” said Caesars Digital Senior Vice President and Chief Development Officer, Dan Shapiro, “as we continue to add wagering opportunities for our customers and livestreaming content for the first time.”

NYRA Bets partnership with Caesars Entertainment

NYRA Bets LLC is a legal online wagering platform for horse racing. It also stands as the official platform of the New York Racing Association. Back in Jan. 2022, Caesars Entertainment and NRA Bets announced their official partnership.

As a part of the deal, Caesars is now the NYRA’s Turf Triple Series title sponsor, as well as the company’s official marketing partner for sports betting. Together, the sports betting giant and the horse race betting company have worked toward the goal of offering a new platform for horse race wagering.

“The new Caesars Racebook app, which utilizes the NYRA Bets interface and technology,” said General Manager of NYRA Bets, Matt Feig, “will expand access to world-class horse racing now and in the future.”

Jun. 1 saw the launch of Caesars Racebook in both Florida and Ohio. About a week later, the app launched in Indiana.

With the addition of the app in both Montana and Oregon in late June, the Caesars-NYRA Bets partnership has successfully launched in five total states in just under six months.

“The partnership between NYRA Bets and Caesars,” said Feig, “is a win for horse racing, its stakeholders and countless racetracks around the world.”

What Caesars Racebook app offers players in Montana and Oregon

The Caesars Racebook app allows bettors to participate in pari-mutuel horse race wagering, which had a total betting handle of more than $12 billion in 2021.

On the new platform, betting will be available on races at over 250 race tracks around the world, including:

  • Belmont Park
  • Saratoga Race Course
  • Del Mar
  • Santa Anita
  • Keeneland

Betting will also be available on races at tracks operated by Caesars, including:

  • Harrah’s Hoosier Park
  • Horseshoe Indianapolis
  • Harrah’s Philadelphia
  • Eldorado Gaming Scioto Down

Features of the app include horse race replays as well as handicapping insights. Bettors will also have the opportunity to access the same Caesars Rewards loyalty program as they can with the Caesars Sportsbook app.

“Caesars Racebook is truly differentiated as the first horse racing advance deposit wagering app to include our award-winning Caesars Rewards loyalty program,” said Shapiro.

The Caesars Racebook app is free to download, and new players in participating states be able to take advantage of another perk: A 100% Deposit Match up to $500.

Further expansion of the app in the works with plans in 30 US states

The partnership between the two companies likely won’t stop at just five states offering the horse race betting app. Shapiro looks to the future and sees unprecedented growth in the US for the online betting app.

“We look forward to welcoming new horse racing customers and existing fans onto the platform,” Shapiro said, “and to working with NYRA Bets to grow horse racing as we deploy Caesars Racebook with plans to launch in about 30 states across the country.”

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Written By Matt Boecker on June 29, 2022Last Updated on June 30, 2022
Outdoor Track And Field Championships Pay A Visit To Oregon

The University of Oregons track and field program played host to the 2022 NCAA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, which took place June 8-11.

Since Hayward Field opened in 1919, this was the 14th time the Ducks hosted the event.

The championships were held in Eugene, thanks to the renovations Hayward Field underwent in 2020, which made it a state-of-the-art facility. The makeover cost $270 million and was paid in full by private donations.

One known donor was famous Nike co-founder Phil Knight, who is a UO graduate. The 84-year-old has donated hundreds of millions of dollars back to the school throughout his life.

These were the most notable upgrades from the 2020 renovations:

  • Seating increased to 12,650 and max capacity to 25,000
  • An additional running lane added, bringing the total to nine
  • The following amenities are located under the track: training rooms, player lounges, a barbershop and practice spaces for various track and field events
  • 10-story tower shaped like the Olympic torch with a museum and observation deck inside

Outdoor Track and Field Championship results

While Oregon gambling enthusiasts may have favored another team, the Florida Gators’ men’s and women’s teams won both outdoor championship titles. The last time a program’s men’s and women’s teams swept the outdoor championships was 2015. This is the seventh time it’s happened overall.

This was the first championship in program history for the women’s team. The Gators were led by Jasmine Moore and Anna Hall, who combined for 38 of Florida’s 74 points.

On the men’s side, this was the fifth outdoor title and 10th championship overall. Joseph Fahnbulleh was the Gator’s points leader. He tallied 20 of the team’s 54 points.

How the Oregon Ducks fared

It was a disappointing few days for the men’s and women’s teams, even though they were competing on their home turf in Eugene, also known as Track Town, USA. While Oregon sportsbooks might confirm that the Ducks are normally in contention for championships, it didn’t turn out that way this season.

The men’s team had high hopes for its three athletes who made it to the final day of meets. The trio was comprised of Aaron Bienenfeld, along with All-Americans Emmanuel Ihemeje and Micah Williams. But they each came up short.

Ihemeje has been the king of the triple jump, having won the indoor championship in 2021 and 2022, and winning the outdoor championship last season. But he had to forfeit his crown after being defeated.

Despite not taking the title, there were some bright spots in the competition for the Duck’s women’s team. Kemba Nelson placed second in the 100 meters, losing by only five one-thousandths of a second. This was an improvement from her fourth place finish in 2021.

All-American honors were given to Dominique Ruotolo for her seventh place finish in the triple jump. She injured herself in last year’s championships, causing her to finish in ninth place.

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Written By JR Duren on June 2, 2022
Eight Of Oregon's Tribes Conduct The State's Nine Tribal Casinos

In Oregon, it’s tribal casinos or no casinos.

The state’s law only allows casinos operated by one of Oregon’s nine federally recognized tribes. Eight of those tribes own the state’s nine casinos, and those casinos have a staggering economic impact on the state’s economy.

To preserve that influence, the tribes have done their best to protect their domain over casino gambling in Oregon.

Over the past few months, those efforts to protect their properties have come into the spotlight amid a battle with a local billionaire.

Oregon’s nine tribally owned casinos

These are the eight tribes that run nine casinos across Oregon:

Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon

  • Three Rivers Casino Resort (Florence)
  • Three Rivers Casino Resort (Coos Bay)

Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation

  • Chinook Winds Casino Resort

Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon

  • Spirit Mountain Casino

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon

  • Wildhorse Resort & Casino

Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of OR

  • Indian Head Casino

Coquille Tribe of Oregon

  • The Mill Casino Hotel

Klamath Tribes of Oregon

  • Kla-Mo-Ya Casino

Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians

  • Seven Feathers Casino Resort

Oregon tribal casinos have a huge impact on the state’s economy

Because Oregon doesn’t have commercial (non-tribal) casinos, the state doesn’t release revenue reports that detail the financials of the casinos that operate in its state. Therefore, it’s hard to have an up-to-date understanding of how well Oregon’s tribal casinos are doing.

The most recent numbers available are from 2016. And, as of 2016, the 10 tribal casinos generated $510.4 million in revenue. Per state law, that revenue is split up several ways.

For example, a portion of the revenue is shared among the tribes. Another slice of the pie goes to the state via taxes.

Overall, the tribes’ casinos have a $1.26 billion impact on Oregon’s economy, according to the American Gaming Association. Furthermore, the casinos support more than 10,000 jobs statewide.

The state’s tribes are vocal about protecting casinos

In many states where there are tribal casinos, there’s a kind of steady tension between the tribes’ exclusivity over casinos and non-tribal groups who run horse tracks, parimutuel facilities, and card rooms.

Basically, non-tribe groups try to bring in as much revenue as they can, and they occasionally try to push the limits of the law to generate more cash.

A good example of that has unfolded in Oregon over the past year or so.

Well-known billionaire Dutch Bros co-founder Travis Boersma owns Grants Pass Downs, a horse track in Grants Pass. Boersma planned to build a gaming center called The Flying Lark that would feature 225 historic-horse racing (HHR) terminals.

Depending on who you ask, HHRs are legitimate horseracing betting machines or they’re just slot machines. The state of Oregon sided with the former, as state law permits HHRs. In that sense, Flying Lark seemed good to go.

However, some of the Oregon tribes didn’t agree. The Flying Lark would poach gamblers and employees from tribal casinos, one tribe said.

Klamath Tribes chairman speaks out

Klamath Tribes Chairman Don Gentry appeared before the Oregon Racing Commission (ORC) in October to voice his displeasure with The Flying Lark process.

The Flying Lark would hurt Oregon’s nine tribes, Gentry said. Also, the ORC failed to consult with the tribes about Boersma’s application for The Flying Lark, and that, Gentry said, was against state law.

ORC minutes from the October meeting note:

“The tribes are sovereign nations, but there has been no consultation between the ORC and the tribes, as required by law, and no proactive outreach to the tribes, he stated. Mr. Gentry added this is a violation of promises made to the tribes and no action should be taken on HHR until consultations are complete.”

Oregon DOJ lands a fatal blow to Flying Lark

Then, this past February, the Oregon Department of Justice (ODOJ) released an opinion paper that shocked the state and, to a certain extent the nationwide gambling community.

The ODOJ said that HHRs were slot machines, and because they were slot machines, installing 225 at Flying Lark would make the property a casino. And, according to state law, only federally recognized tribes can run casinos.

It’s hard to say exactly why the ODOJ chose to issue its opinion. But one thing is certain; the collective voice of Oregon’s federally recognized tribes was heard.

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Written By JR Duren on May 25, 2022
Fentanyl Is A Killer- And Strictly Prohibited Still On Tribal Lands

Fentanyl is a killer; there’s no doubt about it. Earlier this month, Officers from Warm Springs Tribal Police Department (WSTPD) arrested two men for plausible drug possession at Indian Head Casino. One of the men may have been using fentanyl at the time of the arrest.

The arrest brings up the dangers of fentanyl, as well as the complexities of tribal and federal law in Oregon.

Alleged fentanyl user had outstanding warrants

WSTPD arrested thirty-six-year-old Joshua Dryden, then sent him to a local hospital under suspicion of using fentanyl, according to local reports. WSTPD charged Dryden with:

  • Unlawful possession of a controlled substance
  • Unlawful possession of drug paraphernalia
  • False Identification

Police also cited him for simple possession of a controlled substance, and the suspect allegedly had several separate outstanding warrants in Oregon.

A public records search by PlayOregon of Dryden’s criminal history and confirmed his outstanding warrants. Those warrants are related to charges of identity theft, resisting arrest, criminal mischief, and other incidents.

What will happen to Dryden? Eventually, WSTPD will discharge Dryden from its custody and hand him over to state law enforcement.

Tribal police also arrested Michael Butrus, additionally charging him with unlawful possession of a controlled substance and drug paraphernalia. WSTPD found the two men with a third man in a Mercedes at the casino.

Police did not arrest the third man, according to local reports.

What happens when you’re arrested on tribal land for drug possession?

The arrest of the two men on tribal land is an interesting one. It brings to the forefront Oregon’s recent decriminalization of drugs.

Under Oregon law, the two men who were arrested at Indian Head Casino would face a violation, not a misdemeanor or felony, as long as the drugs they possessed were personal-use amounts. The violation carries a maximum fine of $100. Under Oregon law, the offender can waive that fee by calling a state-run hotline.

The decriminalization of controlled substances like fentanyl is the first program of its kind in the entire country. Its goal is to help users recover, rather than throwing them into jail.

However, WSTPD Police Chief Bill Elliott said in the statement sent to local media that he’s taking a hard line approach against the suspects.

“The Warm Springs Tribal Police Department wants to notify the public that even though there are new laws affecting the State of Oregon regarding the possession of controlled substances, on lands that are under the jurisdiction of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs (CTWS) the current tribal and federal drug statutes will remain in effect,” he said.

Elliott went on to make it clear that anyone who passes through Warm Springs Indian Reservation with drugs in their possession will face vigorous enforcement of tribal laws.

“Even though the Warm Springs community and government embraces prevention, intervention, and rehabilitation as the ultimate means of bringing about a drug-safe environment, it also strongly believes in the rule of law as part of its governmental doctrine,” Elliott said. “As such, the WSTPD … will not tolerate drug usage, possession, or trafficking within its jurisdiction no matter the amount.”

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